Thank you to Veit for the translation. This is of special relevance to South Afr…

Thank you to Veit for the translation. This is of special relevance to South Africans as Agent Orange Maize & AO Soy (tolerant to hefty doses of 2,4-D) were approved in 2012 & 2013, despite the devastation that 2,4-D caused in KZN some years back.

Photos of NO GMO South Africa
It's just great to see Brazil working seriously on this issue! Hope for a stimulating effect! ūüôā —> hv translated the doc to english (corrections always wellcome! >O<)

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The National Agency of Sanitary Surveillance (ANVISA) in Brazil receives dossier about the impacts of 2,4-D and associated transgenic plants.

The GEA Group Studies in Agrobiodiversity at ANVISA filed a dossier on health impacts caused by pesticides based on 2,4-D and the tolerant to these herbicides. The 2.4-Dichlorofenoxyacetic (2,4-D) is being reevaluated by the National Agency of Sanitary Surveillance, which has until June to present their findings on maintain, restrict or withdraw the product from the market.

The term was recommended by the Federal Public Ministry of Brazil last December, after holding a public hearing to assess the risks of an eventual commercial release of transgenic soybean and maize resistant to the product. These varieties were developed by Dow AgroSciences and are under review by the National Technical Committee on Biosseguranaça РCTNBio, agency which has not yet rejected a single application for commercial release of genetically modified organism.

Besides being ingredient of Agent Orange used in the Vietnam War, the herbicides 2,4-D are neurotoxic and affect the reproductive system. They are also mentioned as potential carcinogens and endocrine disrupters. More serious is yet the likelihood – relatively high in certain contexts – that the product is contaminated with dioxins, highly carcinogenic molecules.

The poison was banned in 1997 in Denmark, Sweden and Norway and more recently in some provinces of South Africa as well as in Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul municipalities Their use in public places is banned in the Canadian state of Quebec, Newfoundland, Labrador and Nova Scotia.

A study cited in the dossier estimates that an eventual release of transgenic crops tolerant to 2,4-D can increase up to 30 times the use of 2,4-D in the U.S., only in the case of maize. Besides the increase in the quantities used – and hence environmental contamination and poisoning the population generally – the commercial release of these seeds would create serious risks, and few understood to the health of the consumer. In fact, the product is not metabolized the same way in transgenic and conventional plants, and new metabolites may undergo chemical changes during digestion, generating toxic dioxins and furans in the human body.

Altogether there are 49 institutions that endorse the document, including the National Cancer Institute, the Brazilian Association of Collective Health, the Brazilian Center for Research on Health and the Federal Council of Nutritionists. It also received support from the 4th Plenary Conference + 2 Food and Nutrition Security National Meeting, held last week by the brazilian National Food and Nutritional Security (CONSEA).

To the biologist Gilles Ferment, study author and researcher at GEA/Nead (Study Group on Agricultural Biodiversity and Center for Education from Distance), "the nearly 100 studies that met to submit to ANVISA allow us to conclude that the release of this package seed pesticides can cause severe and persistent damages over time for rural workers, consumers and the environment in general."

To view the original document in portuguese visit:

http://muralvirtual-educaoambiental.blogspot.com.br/2014/04/anvisa-recebe-dosse-sobre-impactos-do.html

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Anvisa recebe dossê sobre impactos do 2,4-D e das plantas transgênicas associadas.

O GEA Grupo de Estudos em Agrobiodiversidade protocolou na Anvisa um dossi√™ sobre impactos √† sa√ļde causados pelos agrot√≥xicos √† base de 2,4-D e pelas plantas tolerantes a esses herbicidas. O 2,4-Diclorofenoxiac√©tico (2,4-D) est√° sendo reavaliado pela Ag√™ncia Nacional de Vigil√Ęncia Sanit√°ria, que tem at√© junho para apresentar suas conclus√Ķes sobre manter, restringir ou retirar o produto do mercado.

O prazo foi recomendado pelo Minist√©rio P√ļblico Federal, que em dezembro passado realizou audi√™ncia p√ļblica para avaliar os riscos de uma eventual libera√ß√£o comercial de sementes transg√™nicas de soja e milho resistentes ao produto. Essas variedades foram desenvolvidas pela empresa Dow Agrosciences e est√£o sob an√°lise da Comiss√£o T√©cnica Nacional de Biossegurana√ßa – CTNBio, √≥rg√£o que at√© hoje n√£o rejeitou um √ļnico pedido de libera√ß√£o comercial de organismo geneticamente modificado.

Além de ter sido ingrediente do Agente Laranja usado na Guerra do Vietnã, os herbicidas à base de 2,4-D são neurotóxicos e afetam o sistema reprodutivo. São ainda apontados como potenciais carcinogênicos e desreguladores endócrinos. Mais grave ainda é a probabilidade Рrelativamente alta em determinados contextos Рde o produto estar contaminado com dioxinas, moléculas altamente cancerígenas.

O veneno foi proibido em 1997 na Dinamarca, Su√©cia e Noruega e mais recentemente em algumas prov√≠ncias da √Āfrica do Sul, bem como em munic√≠pios catarinenses e do Rio Grande do Sul. Seu uso em ambientes p√ļblicos est√° proibido nos estados canadenses de Quebec, Newfoundland, Labrador e Nova Scotia.

Um estudo citado no dossi√™ estima que uma eventual libera√ß√£o de sementes transg√™nicas tolerantes ao 2,4-D pode aumentar em at√© 30 vezes o uso do 2,4-D nos EUA, apenas no caso do milho. Al√©m do aumento das quantidades usadas – e consequentemente da contamina√ß√£o ambiental e da intoxica√ß√£o da popula√ß√£o em geral – a libera√ß√£o comercial dessas sementes iria gerar riscos s√©rios e ainda poucos entendidos para a sa√ļde do consumidor. De fato, o produto n√£o √© metabolizado da mesma maneira nas plantas transg√™nicas e nas convencionais, e os novos metab√≥litos podem sofrer transforma√ß√Ķes qu√≠micas durante a digest√£o, gerando dioxinas e furanos t√≥xicos no organismo humano.

Ao todo s√£o 49 institui√ß√Ķes que endossam o documento, entre elas o Instituto Nacional do C√Ęncer, a Associa√ß√£o Brasileira de Sa√ļde Coletiva, o Centro Brasileiro de Estudos sobre a Sa√ļde e o Conselho Federal de Nutricionistas. O documento tamb√©m recebeu apoio da plen√°ria do Encontro Nacional 4

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